Rabbit polyclonal primary
Villin1 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (ER1901-31)
Synthetic peptide within human villin aa 800-840.
Mouse colon tissue lysates, HCT116.
Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
1*PBS (pH7.4), 0.2% BSA, 50% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.
Peptide affinity purified.
D2S1471 antibody; OTTHUMP00000164145 antibody; VIL antibody; VIL1 antibody; VILI_HUMAN antibody; Villin 1 antibody; Villin-1 antibody; Villin1 antibody
Belongs to the villin/gelsolin family.
Specifically expressed in epithelial cells. Major component of microvilli of intestinal epithelial cells and kidney proximal tubule cells. Expressed in canalicular microvilli of hepatocytes (at protein level).
Tyrosine phosphorylation is induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and stimulates cell migration (By similarity). Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues by SRC. The unphosphorylated form increases the initial rate of actin-nucleating activity, whereas the tyrosine-phosphorylated form inhibits actin-nucleating activity, enhances actin-bundling activity and enhances actin-severing activity by reducing high Ca(2+) requirements. The tyrosine-phosphorylated form does not regulate actin-capping activity. Tyrosine phosphorylation is essential for cell migration: tyrosine phosphorylation sites in the N-terminus half regulate actin reorganization and cell morphology, whereas tyrosine phosphorylation sites in the C-terminus half regulate cell migration via interaction with PLCG1.
Cytoskeleton. Other locations.
Epithelial cell-specific Ca2+-regulated actin-modifying protein that modulates the reorganization of microvillar actin filaments. Plays a role in the actin nucleation, actin filament bundle assembly, actin filament capping and severing. Binds phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA); binds LPA with higher affinity than PIP2. Binding to LPA increases its phosphorylation by SRC and inhibits all actin-modifying activities. Binding to PIP2 inhibits actin-capping and -severing activities but enhances actin-bundling activity. Regulates the intestinal epithelial cell morphology, cell invasion, cell migration and apoptosis. Protects against apoptosis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in the gastrointestinal epithelium. Appears to regulate cell death by maintaining mitochondrial integrity. Enhances hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced epithelial cell motility, chemotaxis and wound repair. Upon S.flexneri cell infection, its actin-severing activity enhances actin-based motility of the bacteria and plays a role during the dissemination.