Detected in brain (at protein level). Widely expressed.
The Presenilin 1 (PS1) and Presenilin 2 (PS2) transmembrane proteins are components of high molecular weight complexes. These complexes mediate proteolytic cleavage within the transmembrane domain of several proteins, including the β-Amyloid precursor protein (βAPP) and Notch. Missense mutations in the genes encoding the Presenilin proteins increase the proteolysis of βAPP and results in the overproduction of the neurotoxic β-Amyloid peptide, which results in a condition associated with Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). A novel component of the presenilin complex, nicastrin, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is involved in mediating Notch/GLP-1 signaling. In addition, nicastrin contributes to the processing of βAPP, which makes nicastrin an attractive potential target for modulating the production of β-Amyloid in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Originally purified from immunoprecipitated PS1 complexes from HEK293 cells, nicastrin contains hydrophilic amino and carboxy-terminal domains, a short, hydrophobic transmembrane domain and potential N-myristoylation and phosphorylation sites.
Just like the interactions between antigens and antibodies, the higher the affinity between you and us the better.