Rabbit polyclonal primary
MSH2 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (ER1803-86)
Recombinant protein within human msh2 aa 1-150.
Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
1*PBS (pH7.4), 0.2% BSA, 50% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.
Protein affinity purified.
BAT26 antibody; COCA 1 antibody; COCA1 antibody; DNA mismatch repair protein Msh2 antibody; FCC 1 antibody; FCC1 antibody; hMSH2 antibody; HNPCC 1 antibody; HNPCC antibody; HNPCC1 antibody; LCFS2 antibody; MSH 2 antibody; Msh2 antibody; MSH2_HUMAN antibody; MutS homolog 2 antibody; MutS homolog 2 colon cancer nonpolyposis type 1 antibody; MutS protein homolog 2 antibody
Belongs to the DNA mismatch repair MutS family.
Phosphorylated by PRKCZ, which may prevent MutS alpha degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway.
Component of the post-replicative DNA mismatch repair system (MMR). Forms two different heterodimers: MutS alpha (MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer) and MutS beta (MSH2-MSH3 heterodimer) which binds to DNA mismatches thereby initiating DNA repair. When bound, heterodimers bend the DNA helix and shields approximately 20 base pairs. MutS alpha recognizes single base mismatches and dinucleotide insertion-deletion loops (IDL) in the DNA. MutS beta recognizes larger insertion-deletion loops up to 13 nucleotides long. After mismatch binding, MutS alpha or beta forms a ternary complex with the MutL alpha heterodimer, which is thought to be responsible for directing the downstream MMR events, including strand discrimination, excision, and resynthesis. Recruits DNA helicase MCM9 to chromatin which unwinds the mismatch containg DNA strand. ATP binding and hydrolysis play a pivotal role in mismatch repair functions. The ATPase activity associated with MutS alpha regulates binding similar to a molecular switch: mismatched DNA provokes ADP-->ATP exchange, resulting in a discernible conformational transition that converts MutS alpha into a sliding clamp capable of hydrolysis-independent diffusion along the DNA backbone. This transition is crucial for mismatch repair. MutS alpha may also play a role in DNA homologous recombination repair. In melanocytes may modulate both UV-B-induced cell cycle regulation and apoptosis.