PRODUCT CODE: ET1612-45

IRS1 Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody [SD2046] (ET1612-45)

  • Recombinant

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IF

  • IHC-P

REACTIVITY

  • Human

ICC staining of IRS1 in SW480 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1612-45, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of IRS1 in SW480 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1612-45, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of IRS1 in Hela cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1612-45, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of IRS1 in MCF-7 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1612-45, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma tissue using anti-IRS1 antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1612-45, 1/50) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
ICC staining of IRS1 in SW480 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1612-45, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IF

  • IHC-P

REACTIVITY

  • Human

SPECIFICATIONS

Product Type

Recombinant Rabbit monoclonal primary

Product Name

IRS1 Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody [SD2046] (ET1612-45)

Immunogen

Synthetic peptide within human irs1 aa 1160-2000.

Host

Rabbit

Positive Control

SW480, Hela, MCF-7, human breast carcinoma tissue.

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Clonality

Monoclonal

Clone Number

SD2046

PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Storage Condition

Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

Storage Buffer

1*TBS (pH7.4), 0.05% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.

Concentration

1 ug/ul

PURIFICATION

Protein A affinity purified.

MOLECULAR WEIGHT

170 kDa

Isotype

IgG

APPLICATION DILUTION

  • WB

  • 1:1,000-1:2,000

  • ICC/IF

  • 1:50-1:200

  • IHC-P

  • 1:50-1:200

TARGET

UNIPROT #

PROTEIN NAME

IRS1

SYNONYMS

HIRS 1 antibody; HIRS1 antibody; Insulin receptor substrate 1 antibody; IRS 1 antibody; IRS-1 antibody; IRS1 antibody; IRS1_HUMAN antibody; OTTHUMP00000164234 antibody

POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

Serine phosphorylation of IRS1 is a mechanism for insulin resistance. Ser-312 phosphorylation inhibits insulin action through disruption of IRS1 interaction with the insulin receptor (By similarity). Phosphorylation of Tyr-896 is required for GRB2-binding (By similarity). Phosphorylated by ALK. Phosphorylated at Ser-270, Ser-307, Ser-636 and Ser-1101 by RPS6KB1; phosphorylation induces accelerated degradation of IRS1. Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues in response to insulin. In skeletal muscles, dephosphorylated on Tyr-612 by TNS2 under anabolic conditions; dephosphorylation results in the proteasomal degradation of IRS1.; Ubiquitinated by the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex in a mTOR-dependent manner, leading to its degradation: the Cul7-RING(FBXW8) complex recognizes and binds IRS1 previously phosphorylated by S6 kinase (RPS6KB1 or RPS6KB2).

SUBCELLULAR LOCATION

Cytoplasm, Nucleus.

FUNCTION

The insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), a protein major substrate of the insulin receptor, is phosphorylated in response to stimulation of cells by insulin, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and interleukin 4 (IL-4). IRS-1 is phosphorylated on serine, threonine and tyrosine residues in a variety of tissues. An insulin-sensitive serine/threonine kinase casein kinase II mediates a portion of the insulin-stimulated serine/threonine phosphorylation of overexpressed IRS-1 in vivo. Thr 502 is identified as the major casein kinase II-catalyzed phosphorylation site in rat IRS-1, and Ser 99 is an additional phosphorylation site catalyzed by casein kinase II. Thus, casein kinase II-catalyzed phosphorylation of IRS-1 may be a component of the intracellular insulin signaling cascade. IRS-1 contains three putative binding sites for 14-3-3 (Ser 270, Ser 374 and Ser 641) and the motif around Ser 270 is located in the phosphotyrosine binding domain of IRS-1, which is responsible for the interaction with the insulin receptor. The association of 14-3-3 with IRS-1 increases significantly upon treatment with okadaic acid, a potent serine/ threonine phosphatase inhibitor. Therefore, the association of 14-3-3 protein may play a role in the regulation of insulin sensitivity by interrupting the association between the insulin receptor and IRS-1.