Mouse monoclonal primary
IL-31 Mouse Monoclonal Antibody [8-C3] (EM1701-79)
Recombinant protein within human il18 aa 1-164 / 164.
Recombinant protein lysate, A431, LOVO, MCF-7, human tonsil tissue, human spleen tissue.
Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
1*PBS (pH7.4), 0.2% BSA, 50% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.
Protein affinity purified.
IL 31 antibody; IL-31 antibody; IL31 antibody; IL31_HUMAN antibody; Interleukin 31 antibody; Interleukin-31 antibody
Detected at low levels in testis, bone marrow, skeletal muscle, kidney, colon, thymus, small intestine and trachea.
IL-31 is a T cell cytokine that is preferentially produced by T helper type 2 cells. IL-31 signals through a heterodimeric receptor composed of the IL-31 receptor (IL-31R) and the oncostatin M receptor (OSM). This receptor complex recruits JAK1, JAK2, Stat1, Stat3 and Stat5 signaling pathways, as well as the PI3 kinase/AKT cascade. SHP-2 and Shc adapter molecules are also recruited and contribute to an increased activation of the MAP kinase pathway in response to IL-31. Overexpression of IL-31 in mice results in pruritus and skin dermatitis resembling human atopic dermatitis (AD). Comparisons between skin from patients with AD and healthy skin showed IL-31R expression at higher levels on epidermal keratinocytes in AD samples. Infiltrating cells, more numerous in skin from patients with AD compared with that of healthy individuals, expressed IL-31 mRNA. IL-31 may participate in the cause of itch sensation and promote scratching behavior in NC/Nga mice with atopic dermatitis, and may represent a novel target for antipruritic drug development.