PRODUCT CODE: ET1609-71

Chk1 Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody [ST57-09] (ET1609-71)

  • Recombinant

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IF

  • IHC-P

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

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Western blot analysis of Chk1 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: Hela cell lysate<br />
Lane 2: PC-3M cell lysate
  • Western blot analysis of Chk1 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: Hela cell lysate<br />
Lane 2: PC-3M cell lysate
  • ICC staining of Chk1 in Hela cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of Chk1 in MCF-7 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of Chk1 in PC-3M cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse liver tissue using anti-Chk1 antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/50) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • Flow cytometric analysis of Chk1 was done on Hela cells. The cells were fixed, permeabilized and stained with the primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/50) (red). After incubation of the primary antibody at room temperature for an hour, the cells were stained with a Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated Goat anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary antibody at 1/1000 dilution for 30 minutes.Unlabelled sample was used as a control (cells without incubation with primary antibody; black).
Western blot analysis of Chk1 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1609-71, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.
Positive control:
Lane 1: Hela cell lysate
Lane 2: PC-3M cell lysate

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IF

  • IHC-P

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

SPECIFICATIONS

Product Type

Recombinant Rabbit monoclonal primary

Product Name

Chk1 Recombinant Rabbit Monoclonal Antibody [ST57-09] (ET1609-71)

Immunogen

Recombinant protein

Host

Rabbit

Positive Control

Hela cell lysate, PC-3M cell lysate, Hela, MCF-7, PC-3M, mouse liver tissue.

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Clonality

Monoclonal

Clone Number

ST57-09

PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Storage Condition

Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

Storage Buffer

1*TBS (pH7.4), 0.05% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.

Concentration

1 ug/ul

PURIFICATION

Protein A affinity purified.

MOLECULAR WEIGHT

54 kDa

Isotype

IgG

APPLICATION DILUTION

  • WB

  • 1:1,000-1:2,000

  • ICC/IF

  • 1:50-1:200

  • IHC-P

  • 1:50-1:200

  • FC

  • 1:50-1:100

TARGET

UNIPROT #

PROTEIN NAME

Chk1

SYNONYMS

C85740 antibody; Cell cycle checkpoint kinase antibody; Checkpoint , S. pombe, homolog of, 1 antibody; Checkpoint kinase 1 antibody; Checkpoint kinase 1 homolog (S. pombe) antibody; CHEK 1 antibody; Chek1 antibody; Chk 1 antibody; Chk1 antibody; CHK1 checkpoint homolog (S. pombe) antibody; CHK1_HUMAN antibody; EC 2.7.11.1 antibody; rad27 antibody; Serine/threonine protein kinase Chk1 antibody; Serine/threonine-protein kinase CHK1 antibody; STT3, subunit of the oligosaccharyltransferase complex, homolog A (S. cerevisiae) antibody

SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES

Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. NIM1 subfamily.

TISSUE SPECIFICITY

Expressed ubiquitously with the most abundant expression in thymus, testis, small intestine and colon.

POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

Phosphorylated by ATR in a RAD17-dependent manner in response to ultraviolet irradiation and inhibition of DNA replication. Phosphorylated by ATM in response to ionizing irradiation. ATM and ATR can both phosphorylate Ser-317 and Ser-345 and this results in enhanced kinase activity. Phosphorylation at Ser-345 induces a change in the conformation of the protein, activates the kinase activity and is a prerequisite for interaction with FBXO6 and subsequent ubiquitination at Lys-436. Phosphorylation at Ser-345 also increases binding to 14-3-3 proteins and promotes nuclear retention. Conversely, dephosphorylation at Ser-345 by PPM1D may contribute to exit from checkpoint mediated cell cycle arrest. Phosphorylation at Ser-280 by AKT1/PKB, may promote mono and/or diubiquitination. Also phosphorylated at undefined residues during mitotic arrest, resulting in decreased activity.; Ubiquitinated. Mono or diubiquitination promotes nuclear exclusion (By similarity). The activated form (phosphorylated on Ser-345) is polyubiquitinated at Lys-436 by some SCF-type E3 ubiquitin ligase complex containing FBXO6 promoting its degradation. Ubiquitination and degradation are required to terminate the checkpoint and ensure that activated CHEK1 does not accumulate as cells progress through S phase, when replication forks encounter transient impediments during normal DNA replication.

SUBCELLULAR LOCATION

Cytoplasm, Nucleus.

FUNCTION

Cell cycle events are regulated by the sequential activation and deactivation of cyclin dependent kinases (Cdks) and by proteolysis of cyclins. Chk1 and Chk2 are involved in these processes as regulators of Cdks. Chk1 and Chk2 both function as essential components in the G2 DNA damage checkpoint by phosphorylating Cdc25C in response to DNA damage. Phosphorylation inhibits Cdc25C activity, thereby blocking mitosis. Cdc25A, Cdc25B and Cdc25C protein tyrosine phosphatases function as mitotic activators by dephosphorylating Cdc2 p34 on regulatory tyrosine residues. It has also been shown that Chk1 can phosphorylate Wee1 in vitro, providing evidence that the hyperphosphorylated form of Wee1, seen in cells delayed by Chk1 overexpression, is due to phosphorylation by Chk1.