PRODUCT CODE: EM1701-56

xanthine dehydrogenase Monoclonal Antibody (EM1701-56)

Applications

  • IHC-P

  • FC

  • ELISA

REACTIVITY

  • Human

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human liver tissue using anti-xanthine dehydrogenase antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human liver tissue using anti-xanthine dehydrogenase antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human kidney tissue using anti-xanthine dehydrogenase antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.
  • Flow cytometric analysis of LOVO cells with xanthine dehydrogenase antibody at 1/50 dilution (red) compared with an unlabelled control (cells without incubation with primary antibody; black). Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated Goat anti mouse IgG was used as the secondary antibody.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human liver tissue using anti-xanthine dehydrogenase antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.

Applications

  • IHC-P

  • FC

  • ELISA

REACTIVITY

  • Human

SPECIFICATIONS

Product Type

Mouse monoclonal primary

Product Name

xanthine dehydrogenase Monoclonal Antibody (EM1701-56)

Immunogen

Peptide

Host

Mouse

Positive Control

Human liver tissue, human kidney tissue, LOVO.

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Clonality

Monoclonal

Clone Number

1C8

PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Storage Condition

Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

Storage Buffer

1*PBS (pH7.4), 0.2% BSA, 50% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.

Concentration

2 ug/ul

PURIFICATION

Protein G purified.

MOLECULAR WEIGHT

146 kDa

Isotype

IgG1

APPLICATION DILUTION

  • IHC-P

  • 1:50-1:200

  • FC

  • 1:50-1:100

  • ELISA

  • 1:5,000-1:10,000

TARGET

UNIPROT #

PROTEIN NAME

xanthine dehydrogenase

SYNONYMS

Xanthine dehydrogenase antibody; Xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase antibody; Xanthine oxidase antibody; Xanthine oxidoreductase antibody; XD antibody; XDH antibody; XDH_HUMAN antibody; xdha antibody; XO antibody; xor antibody

SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES

Belongs to the xanthine dehydrogenase family.

TISSUE SPECIFICITY

Detected in milk (at protein level).

POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

Subject to partial proteolysis; this alters the enzyme from the dehydrogenase form (D) to the oxidase form (O).; Contains sulfhydryl groups that are easily oxidized (in vitro); this alters the enzyme from the dehydrogenase form (D) to the oxidase form (O).

SUBCELLULAR LOCATION

Cytoplasm. Secreted. Peroxisome.

FUNCTION

The process of metabolizing purines to a common molecule known as xanthine is an essential process for the proper shuttling of uric acid. Xanthine oxidase is a flavoprotein enzyme that coordinates molybdenum and utilizes NAD+ as an electron acceptor to catalyze the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and then to uric acid. The predominant form of this enzyme is xanthine dehydrogenase, which is a homodimer that can be converted to xanthine oxidase by sulfhydryl oxidation or proteolytic modification. Xanthine oxidase is present in species ranging from bacteria to human and is ubiquitously expressed in mammalian tissues. In the oxidase form, this enzyme is coupled to the generation of free radicals. Individuals showing marked elevation of serum xanthine oxidase is suggestive of chronic liver disease and cholestasis, which is a condition defined by hepatic obstruction. Hepatic obstruction causes bile salts, the bile pigment bilirubin, and fats to accumulate in the blood stream instead of being eliminated normally. The clinical consequences of defects in xanthine oxidase range from mild to severe and even contribute to fatal disorders.