PRODUCT CODE: ET1612-22

Recombinant STAT1 alpha Monoclonal Antibody (ET1612-22)

  • Recombinant

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IF

  • IHC-P

  • IP

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

Western blot analysis of STAT1 on different lysates using anti-STAT1 alpha antibody at 1/1,000 dilution.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: Hela <br />
Lane 2: 293
  • Western blot analysis of STAT1 on different lysates using anti-STAT1 alpha antibody at 1/1,000 dilution.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: Hela <br />
Lane 2: 293
  • ICC staining STAT1 alpha in Hela cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.
  • ICC staining STAT1 alpha in MCF-7 cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.
  • ICC staining STAT1 alpha in SKOV-3 cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human cervix uteri tissue using anti-STAT1 alpha antibody. Counter stained with hematoxylin.
  • Flow cytometric analysis of MCF-7 cells with STAT1 alpha antibody at 1/50 dilution (red) compared with an unlabelled control (cells without incubation with primary antibody; black). Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated goat anti rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody
Western blot analysis of STAT1 on different lysates using anti-STAT1 alpha antibody at 1/1,000 dilution.
Positive control:
Lane 1: Hela
Lane 2: 293

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IF

  • IHC-P

  • IP

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

SPECIFICATIONS

Product Type

Recombinant Rabbit monoclonal primary

Product Name

Recombinant STAT1 alpha Monoclonal Antibody (ET1612-22)

Immunogen

Recombinant protein

Host

Rabbit

Positive Control

SKOV-3, MCF-7, Hela, 293, human cervix uteri tissue.

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Clonality

Monoclonal

Clone Number

SD20-75

PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Storage Condition

Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

Storage Buffer

1*TBS (pH7.4), 0.05% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.

Concentration

1 ug/ul

PURIFICATION

Protein A purified.

MOLECULAR WEIGHT

87 kDa

Isotype

IgG

APPLICATION DILUTION

  • WB

  • 1:1,000-1:5,000

  • ICC/IF

  • 1:100-1:500

  • IHC-P

  • 1:50-1:200

  • FC

  • 1:50-1:100

TARGET

UNIPROT #

PROTEIN NAME

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1-alpha/beta

GENE NAME

STAT1

SYNONYMS

STAT1

SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES

Belongs to the transcription factor STAT family.

POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

Phosphorylated on tyrosine and serine residues in response to a variety of cytokines/growth hormones including IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, PDGF and EGF. Activated KIT promotes phosphorylation on tyrosine residues and subsequent translocation to the nucleus. Upon EGF stimulation, phosphorylation on Tyr-701 (lacking in beta form) by JAK1, JAK2 or TYK2 promotes dimerization and subsequent translocation to the nucleus. Growth hormone (GH) activates STAT1 signaling only via JAK2. Tyrosine phosphorylated in response to constitutively activated FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. Phosphorylation on Ser-727 by several kinases including MAPK14, ERK1/2 and CAMKII on IFN-gamma stimulation, regulates STAT1 transcriptional activity. Phosphorylation on Ser-727 promotes sumoylation though increasing interaction with PIAS. Phosphorylation on Ser-727 by PRKCD induces apoptosis in response to DNA-damaging agents. Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues when PTK2/FAK1 is activated; most likely this is catalyzed by a SRC family kinase. Dephosphorylation on tyrosine residues by PTPN2 negatively regulates interferon-mediated signaling. Upon viral infection or IFN induction, phosphorylation on Ser-708 occurs much later than phosphorylation on Tyr-701 and is required for the binding of ISGF3 on the ISREs of a subset of IFN-stimulated genes IKBKE-dependent. Phosphorylation at Tyr-701 and Ser-708 are mutually exclusive, phosphorylation at Ser-708 requires previous dephosphorylation of Tyr-701.; Sumoylated with SUMO1, SUMO2 and SUMO3. Sumoylation is enhanced by IFN-gamma-induced phosphorylation on Ser-727, and by interaction with PIAS proteins. Enhances the transactivation activity.; ISGylated.; Mono-ADP-ribosylated at Glu-657 and Glu-705 by PARP14; ADP-ribosylation prevents phosphorylation at Tyr-701. However, the role of ADP-ribosylation in the prevention of phosphorylation has been called into question and the lack of phosphorylation may be due to sumoylation of Lys-703.; Monomethylated at Lys-525 by SETD2; monomethylation is necessary for phosphorylation at Tyr-701, translocation into the nucleus and activation of the antiviral defense.

SUBCELLULAR LOCATION

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Translocated into the nucleus upon tyrosine phosphorylation and dimerization, in response to IFN-gamma and signaling by activated FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 or FGFR4. Monomethylation at Lys-525 is required for phosphorylation at Tyr-701 and translocation into the nucleus. Translocates into the nucleus in response to interferon-beta stimulation.

FUNCTION

Signal transducer and transcription activator that mediates cellular responses to interferons (IFNs), cytokine KITLG/SCF and other cytokines and other growth factors. Following type I IFN (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta) binding to cell surface receptors, signaling via protein kinases leads to activation of Jak kinases (TYK2 and JAK1) and to tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2. The phosphorylated STATs dimerize and associate with ISGF3G/IRF-9 to form a complex termed ISGF3 transcription factor, that enters the nucleus. ISGF3 binds to the IFN stimulated response element (ISRE) to activate the transcription of IFN-stimulated genes (ISG), which drive the cell in an antiviral state. In response to type II IFN (IFN-gamma), STAT1 is tyrosine- and serine-phosphorylated. It then forms a homodimer termed IFN-gamma-activated factor (GAF), migrates into the nucleus and binds to the IFN gamma activated sequence (GAS) to drive the expression of the target genes, inducing a cellular antiviral state. Becomes activated in response to KITLG/SCF and KIT signaling. May mediate cellular responses to activated FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4.