PRODUCT CODE: ET1604-22

Recombinant Smad2 Monoclonal Antibody (ET1604-22)

  • Recombinant

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IHC-P

  • IP

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

  • Mouse

  • Rat

Western blot analysis of Smad2 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: Hela cell lysate<br />
Lane 2: A431 cell lysate<br />
Lane 3: PC-12 cell lysate
  • Western blot analysis of Smad2 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: Hela cell lysate<br />
Lane 2: A431 cell lysate<br />
Lane 3: PC-12 cell lysate
  • ICC staining of Smad2 in Hela cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of Smad2 in HepG2 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of Smad2 in NIH/3T3 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded rat cerebellum tissue using anti-Smad2 antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/50) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • Flow cytometric analysis of Smad2 was done on NIH/3T3 cells. The cells were fixed, permeabilized and stained with the primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/50) (red). After incubation of the primary antibody at room temperature for an hour, the cells were stained with a Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated Goat anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary antibody at 1/1000 dilution for 30 minutes.Unlabelled sample was used as a control (cells without incubation with primary antibody; black).
Western blot analysis of Smad2 on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1604-22, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.
Positive control:
Lane 1: Hela cell lysate
Lane 2: A431 cell lysate
Lane 3: PC-12 cell lysate

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IHC-P

  • IP

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

  • Mouse

  • Rat

SPECIFICATIONS

Product Type

Recombinant Rabbit monoclonal primary

Product Name

Recombinant Smad2 Monoclonal Antibody (ET1604-22)

Immunogen

Recombinant protein

Host

Rabbit

Positive Control

NIH/3T3, A431, Hela, HepG2, PC12, rat cerebellum tissue.

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Clonality

Monoclonal

Clone Number

SP06-05

PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Storage Condition

Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

Storage Buffer

1*TBS (pH7.4), 0.05% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.

Concentration

1 ug/ul

PURIFICATION

Protein A purified.

MOLECULAR WEIGHT

58 kDa

Isotype

IgG

APPLICATION DILUTION

  • WB

  • 1:1,000-1:2,000

  • ICC

  • 1:50-1:200

  • IHC-P

  • 1:50-1:200

  • FC

  • 1:50-1:100

TARGET

UNIPROT #

PROTEIN NAME

Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2

GENE NAME

SMAD2

SYNONYMS

MAD homolog 2, Mothers against DPP homolog 2, hMAD-2, SMAD 2, Smad2, hSMAD2

SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES

Belongs to the dwarfin/SMAD family.

TISSUE SPECIFICITY

Expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, endothelial cells, heart and placenta.

POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

Phosphorylated on one or several of Thr-220, Ser-245, Ser-250, and Ser-255. In response to TGF-beta, phosphorylated on Ser-465/467 by TGF-beta and activin type 1 receptor kinases. TGF-beta-induced Ser-465/467 phosphorylation declines progressively in a KMT5A-dependent manner. Able to interact with SMURF2 when phosphorylated on Ser-465/467, recruiting other proteins, such as SNON, for degradation. In response to decorin, the naturally occurring inhibitor of TGF-beta signaling, phosphorylated on Ser-240 by CaMK2. Phosphorylated by MAPK3 upon EGF stimulation; which increases transcriptional activity and stability, and is blocked by calmodulin. Phosphorylated by PDPK1.; In response to TGF-beta, ubiquitinated by NEDD4L; which promotes its degradation. Monoubiquitinated, leading to prevent DNA-binding (By similarity). Deubiquitination by USP15 alleviates inhibition and promotes activation of TGF-beta target genes. Ubiquitinated by RNF111, leading to its degradation: only SMAD2 proteins that are 'in use' are targeted by RNF111, RNF111 playing a key role in activating SMAD2 and regulating its turnover (By similarity).; Acetylated on Lys-19 by coactivators in response to TGF-beta signaling, which increases transcriptional activity. Isoform short: Acetylation increases DNA binding activity in vitro and enhances its association with target promoters in vivo. Acetylation in the nucleus by EP300 is enhanced by TGF-beta.

SUBCELLULAR LOCATION

Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Cytoplasmic and nuclear in the absence of TGF-beta. On TGF-beta stimulation, migrates to the nucleus when complexed with SMAD4. On dephosphorylation by phosphatase PPM1A, released from the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, and exported out of the nucleus by interaction with RANBP1.

FUNCTION

Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD2/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. May act as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma. Positively regulates PDPK1 kinase activity by stimulating its dissociation from the 14-3-3 protein YWHAQ which acts as a negative regulator.