PRODUCT CODE: ET1603-4

Recombinant AIF Monoclonal Antibody (ET1603-4)

  • Recombinant

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IHC-P

  • IP

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

  • Mouse

  • Rat

Western blot analysis of AIF on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: SKOV-3 cell lysate<br />
Lane 2: Hela cell lysate
  • Western blot analysis of AIF on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.<br />
Positive control: <br />
Lane 1: SKOV-3 cell lysate<br />
Lane 2: Hela cell lysate
  • ICC staining of AIF in Hela cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • ICC staining of AIF in HepG2 cells (green). Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature and blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/50) for 1 hour at room temperature, washed with PBS. Alexa Fluor®488 Goat anti-Rabbit IgG was used as the secondary antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue).
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human liver tissue using anti-AIF antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/200) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human kidney tissue using anti-AIF antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/200) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse liver tissue using anti-AIF antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/50) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded mouse heart tissue using anti-AIF antibody. The section was pre-treated using heat mediated antigen retrieval with Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0-8.4) for 20 minutes.The tissues were blocked in 5% BSA for 30 minutes at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/50) for 30 minutes at room temperature. The detection was performed using an HRP conjugated compact polymer system. DAB was used as the chromogen. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and mounted with DPX.
  • Flow cytometric analysis of AIF was done on Hela cells. The cells were fixed, permeabilized and stained with the primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/50) (red). After incubation of the primary antibody at room temperature for an hour, the cells were stained with a Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated Goat anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary antibody at 1/1000 dilution for 30 minutes.Unlabelled sample was used as a control (cells without incubation with primary antibody; black).
Western blot analysis of AIF on different lysates. Proteins were transferred to a PVDF membrane and blocked with 5% BSA in PBS for 1 hour at room temperature. The primary antibody (ET1603-4, 1/500) was used in 5% BSA at room temperature for 2 hours. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG - HRP Secondary Antibody (HA1001) at 1:5,000 dilution was used for 1 hour at room temperature.
Positive control:
Lane 1: SKOV-3 cell lysate
Lane 2: Hela cell lysate

Applications

  • WB

  • ICC

  • IHC-P

  • IP

  • FC

REACTIVITY

  • Human

  • Mouse

  • Rat

SPECIFICATIONS

Product Type

Recombinant Rabbit monoclonal primary

Product Name

Recombinant AIF Monoclonal Antibody (ET1603-4)

Immunogen

Synthetic peptide within human aif aa 500-550.

Host

Rabbit

Positive Control

SKOV-3 cell lysate, Hela cell lysate, Hela, HepG2, human liver tissue, human kidney tissue, mouse liver tissue, mouse heart tissue.

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Clonality

Monoclonal

Clone Number

SZ05-01

PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Storage Condition

Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

Storage Buffer

1*TBS (pH7.4), 0.05% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.

Concentration

1 ug/ul

PURIFICATION

Protein A affinity purified.

MOLECULAR WEIGHT

67 kDa

Isotype

IgG

APPLICATION DILUTION

  • WB

  • 1:500-1:5,000

  • ICC

  • 1:50-1:200

  • IHC-P

  • 1:50-1:200

  • FC

  • 1:50-1:100

  • IP

  • assay-dependent

TARGET

UNIPROT #

PROTEIN NAME

Apoptosis-inducing factor 1, mitochondrial

GENE NAME

AIFM1

SYNONYMS

AIFM1

SEQUENCE SIMILARITIES

Belongs to the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase family.

TISSUE SPECIFICITY

Expressed in all tested tissues. Detected in muscle and skin fibroblasts (at protein level).; [Isoform 3]: Brain specific.; [Isoform 4]: Expressed in all tested tissues except brain.; [Isoform 5]: Isoform 5 is frequently down-regulated in human cancers.

POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION

Under normal conditions, a 54-residue N-terminal segment is first proteolytically removed during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) to form the inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, it is further proteolytically processed at amino-acid position 101 leading to the generation of the mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis in a caspase-independent manner.; Ubiquitination by XIAP/BIRC4 does not lead to proteasomal degradation. Ubiquitination at Lys-255 by XIAP/BIRC4 blocks its ability to bind DNA and induce chromatin degradation, thereby inhibiting its ability to induce cell death.

SUBCELLULAR LOCATION

Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Note=Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region.; [Isoform 3]: Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Note=Has a stronger membrane anchorage than isoform 1.; [Isoform 4]: Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Note=In pro-apoptotic conditions, is released from mitochondria to cytosol in a calpain/cathepsin-dependent manner.; [Isoform 5]: Cytoplasm.

FUNCTION

Functions both as NADH oxidoreductase and as regulator of apoptosis. In response to apoptotic stimuli, it is released from the mitochondrion intermembrane space into the cytosol and to the nucleus, where it functions as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e. caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA (By similarity). Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner. Interacts with EIF3G, and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates caspase-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase-independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. In contrast, participates in normal mitochondrial metabolism. Plays an important role in the regulation of respiratory chain biogenesis by interacting with CHCHD4 and controlling CHCHD4 mitochondrial import.; [Isoform 4]: Has NADH oxidoreductase activity. Does not induce nuclear apoptosis.; [Isoform 5]: Pro-apoptotic isoform.

CITATIONS

  • Li, Xiaotong et al.

    Silkworm Pupa Protein Hydrolysate Induces Mitochondria-Dependent Apoptosis and S Phase Cell Cycle Arrest in Human Gastric Cancer SGC-7901 Cells. | International Journal of Molecular Sciences [2018]

  • Xie, Hongqing et al.

    Ethanolic extract of Cordyceps cicadae exerts antitumor effect on human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells by inducing apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and endoplasmic reticulum stress. | Journal of Ethnopharmacology [2019]