Mouse monoclonal primary
PD1 Monoclonal Antibody (EM1707-60)
Human tonsil tissue, Mouse spleen tissue, Jurkat, recombinant PD1 protein.
Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
1*PBS (pH7.4), 0.2% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.
Protein A purified.
Programmed cell death protein 1
Protein PD-1, hPD-1, PDCD1, PD1
Induced at programmed cell death.
Ubiquitinated at Lys-233 by the SCF(FBXO38) complex, leading to its proteasomal degradation. Ubiquitinated via 'Lys-48'-linked polyubiquitin chains.; Tyrosine phosphorylated at Tyr-223 (within ITIM motif) and Tyr-248 (ITSM motif) upon ligand binding. Phosphorylation at Tyr-248 promotes the recruitment of the protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPN11/SHP-2 that mediates dephosphorylation of key TCR proximal signaling molecules, such as ZAP70, PRKCQ/PKCtheta and CD247/CD3zeta.; N-glycosylation at Asn-58 consists of two N-acetylglucosamine units and one fucose. N-glycosylation does not affect binding to nivolumab drug.
Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.
Inhibitory receptor on antigen activated T-cells that plays a critical role in induction and maintenance of immune tolerance to self. Delivers inhibitory signals upon binding to ligands CD274/PDCD1L1 and CD273/PDCD1LG2. Following T-cell receptor (TCR) engagement, PDCD1 associates with CD3-TCR in the immunological synapse and directly inhibits T-cell activation (By similarity). Suppresses T-cell activation through the recruitment of PTPN11/SHP-2: following ligand-binding, PDCD1 is phosphorylated within the ITSM motif, leading to the recruitment of the protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPN11/SHP-2 that mediates dephosphorylation of key TCR proximal signaling molecules, such as ZAP70, PRKCQ/PKCtheta and CD247/CD3zeta (By similarity).; The PDCD1-mediated inhibitory pathway is exploited by tumors to attenuate anti-tumor immunity and escape destruction by the immune system, thereby facilitating tumor survival. The interaction with CD274/PDCD1L1 inhibits cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) effector function. The blockage of the PDCD1-mediated pathway results in the reversal of the exhausted T-cell phenotype and the normalization of the anti-tumor response, providing a rationale for cancer immunotherapy.