Lane 1: HepG2
Lane 2: MCF-7
Lane 3: F9
Lane 4: A549
Lane 5: PC12
Rabbit polyclonal primary
HMGB1 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (ER0913)
Synthetic peptide within human hmgb1 aa 71-126.
HepG2, MCF-7, F9, A549, PC12, Hela, NIH/3T3, mouse kidney tissue Mouse stomach tissue, mouse brain tissue, human stomach carcinoma tissue, human tonsil tissue
Store at +4C after thawing. Aliquot store at -20C or -80C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.
1*PBS (pH7.4), 0.2% BSA, 40% Glycerol. Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide.
Peptide affinity purified
Amphoterin antibody; Chromosomal protein, nonhistone, HMG1 antibody; DKFZp686A04236 antibody; High mobility group 1 antibody; High mobility group box 1 antibody; High mobility group protein 1 antibody; High mobility group protein B1 antibody; high-mobility group (nonhistone chromosomal) protein 1 antibody; HMG-1 antibody; HMG1 antibody; HMG3 antibody; HMGB 1 antibody; HMGB1 antibody; HMGB1_HUMAN antibody; NONHISTONE CHROMOSOMAL PROTEIN HMG1 antibody; SBP 1 antibody; Sulfoglucuronyl carbohydrate binding protein antibody
Belongs to the HMGB family.
Ubiquituous. Expressed in platelets.
Phosphorylated at serine residues. Phosphorylation in both NLS regions is required for cytoplasmic translocation followed by secretion.; Acetylated on multiple sites upon stimulation with LPS. Acetylation on lysine residues in the nuclear localization signals (NLS 1 and NLS 2) leads to cytoplasmic localization and subsequent secretion (By similarity). Acetylation on Lys-3 results in preferential binding to DNA ends and impairs DNA bending activity (By similarity).; Reduction/oxidation of cysteine residues Cys-23, Cys-45 and Cys-106 and a possible intramolecular disulfide bond involving Cys-23 and Cys-45 give rise to different redox forms with specific functional activities in various cellular compartments: 1- fully reduced HMGB1 (HMGB1C23hC45hC106h), 2- disulfide HMGB1 (HMGB1C23-C45C106h) and 3- sulfonyl HMGB1 (HMGB1C23soC45soC106so).; Poly-ADP-ribosylated by PARP1 when secreted following stimulation with LPS (By similarity).; In vitro cleavage by CASP1 is liberating a HMG box 1-containing peptide which may mediate immunogenic activity; the peptide antagonizes apoptosis-induced immune tolerance. Can be proteolytically cleaved by a thrombin:thrombomodulin complex; reduces binding to heparin and proinflammatory activities (By similarity).
Like the histones, HMGB1, also known as high-mobility group protein 1 (HMG-1) is among the most important chromatin proteins. In the nucleus HMGB1 interacts with nucleosomes, transcription factors, and histones. This nuclear protein organizes the DNA and regulates transcription. After binding, HMGB1 bends DNA, which facilitates the binding of other proteins. HMGB1 is secreted by immune cells through leaderless secretory pathway. Activated macrophages and monocytes secrete HMGB1 as a cytokine mediator of Inflammation. In recent research, HMGB1 has been reported as a novel biomarker for human ovarian cancer.